Treatments of HIV
- There are many treatments now that can help people with HIV, and these treatments are much better than in earlier times. As a result, most people with HIV are living long and healthy lives.
- Currently, medicines can slow the growth of the virus or stop it from making copies of itself. Although these drugs don’t eliminate the virus from the body, they keep the amount of virus in the blood low. The amount of virus in the blood is called the viral load, and it can be measured by a test.
- If you are at very high risk for HIV then you have to take HIV medicines daily, pre-exposure prophylaxis its also known as PrEP, can reduce the risk of HIV infection. PrEP involves daily medication and regular visits to a health care provider. PrEP is also recommended for people who’ve injected drugs in the past 6 months and have shared needles or works or been in drug treatment in the past 6 months.
- The most important thing you can do is to take medicines to treat HIV infection (called antiretroviral therapy, or ART) the right way, every day. These medicines reduce the amount of virus (viral load) in your blood and body fluids. They can keep you healthy for many years and greatly reduce your chance of transmitting HIV to your partners if you have a very low or undetectable viral load.
- PEP should be used only in emergency situations and must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV. If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV during sex or through sharing needles and works to prepare drugs or if you’ve been sexually assaulted, talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor about PEP right away.
- Right now, there is no cure for HIV infection or AIDS. So, once you start treatment, you have to continue to be sure the virus doesn’t multiply out of control.
- Get tested for HIV to learn your status and your partner’s.
- Precautions should be used with every physical act.
- Always use clean, unused, unshared needle.
- Health education is an important factor in reducing risky behavior.
- Healthcare workers should use gloves, masks, protective eyewear, shields, and gowns.
- HIV-infected mothers should not breastfeed.